PLoS Biol 8 11 : e This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Competing interests: The author has declared that no competing interests exist. How did farming spread to Europe, from its origins in the Middle East? Did indigenous European hunter—gatherers adopt more settled ways while largely maintaining the integrity of their population group, or did farmers from the east spread into Europe, supplanting or mixing with the indigenous population?
Singles Halle Saale
Single Halle Saale
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Tomyris — Somewhat legendary queen of the Massagetae. Catherine the Great — was the longest-serving Russian monarch, reigning from to her death in It Was Metal 6.
The star and crescent is an iconographic symbol used in various historical contexts, including as a prominent symbol of the Ottoman Empire , with numerous modern countries still using it as a national symbol. It was developed in the Greek colony of Byzantium ca. It is hence often considered as a symbol of Islam by extension. It is the conjoined representation of a crescent and a star , both elements have a long prior history in the iconography of the Ancient Near East as representing either the Sun and Moon or the Moon and Morning Star or their divine personifications. Coins with crescent and star symbols represented separately have a longer history, with possible ties to older Mesopotamian iconography.